Alcohol

A colourless volatile flammable liquid which is produced by the natural fermentation of sugars and is the intoxicating constituent of wine, beer, spirits, and other drinks, and is also used as an industrial solvent and as fuel.

Acetic acid

Used in vinegar.

Almond

An edible nut, oval in shape with a woody shell. Often used in cooking / baking.

Aniseed

The seeds of the anise - which are used in cooking and herbal medicines.

Apples (Raw)

A fruit - numerous different species. Colours are usually green and red.

Apples (Cooked)

A fruit - numerous different species. Colours are usually green and red.

Apricots (Raw)

A stone fruit, usually orange in colour. A great source of Vitamin A.

Apricots (Cooked)

A stone fruit, usually orange in colour. A great source of Vitamin A.

Artichoke (Raw)

A variety of thistle, cultivated for eating.

Artichoke (Cooked)

A variety of thistle, cultivated for eating.

Asparagus

Eaten as a vegetable. Also known as Garden asparagus.


Aubergine

Purple egg shaped fruit (also known as eggplant). Eaten as a vegetable.

Avocado (Raw)

A pear shaped fruit, with rough and oily skin. Often eaten in salads and cooking.

Avocado (Raw)

A pear shaped fruit, with rough and oily skin. Often eaten in salads and cooking.

Bacon

A meat produced from the pig.

Banana

A long, curved fruit with edible flesh and yellow skin.

Barley

A major cultivated cereal grain. Often in beer.

Beans (broad)

Small, flat beans. Green in colour, also called fava beans.

Beans (green)

Long, thin green in colour.

Beans, lima

Small, kidney shaped beans - grown in the pod.

White bean

White bean, usually dried. Also known as the navy bean.

Beef

The flesh of a cow, bull or ox.

Beef Jerky

Beef that has been preserved and dried - often known as jerky.


Beer

An alcoholic drink made from yeast-fermented malt flavoured with hops.

Beets (beetroot)

A dark red, rounded vegetable.

Bilberries (Raw)

Very small, almost black berries.

Bilberries (Cooked)

Very small, almost black berries.

Blackberries (Raw)

Edible soft fruit. Often purple-black.

Blackberries (Cooked)

Edible soft fruit. Often purple-black.

Brazil nut

A large, three-sided South American nut.

Bread

A staple food prepared from a dough of flour and water, usually by baking.

Bread, white bread

Bread made with white wheat flour.

Broad bean

Large, flat edible green bean. Eaten without the pod.

Brussels sprout

Small, compact bud of the cabbage family. Eaten as a vegetable.


Buckwheat

Derived from the seeds of a flowering plant. Does not contain gluten.

Butter

A dairy product, made with the natural fat found in milk (milk fat).

Butter (salted)

Butter that has added salt.

Buttermilk

Buttermilk is the liquid left behind after churning butter out of cream.

Cabbage (Raw)

Common vegetable. Green, red and white varieties.

Cabbage (cooked)

Cabbage or headed cabbage is a leafy green or purple biennial plant, grown as an annual vegetable crop for its dense-leaved heads.

Capsicum(green)

Bell shaped pepper.

Capsicum(red)

Red pepper - often used to flavour cooking.

Capsicum(yellow)

Yellow pepper - often used to flavour cooking.

Carrot (raw)

Orange coloured, tapering root vegetable.

Carrots (cooked)

Orange coloured, tapering root vegetable.

Cashew nut

Edible kidney shaped nut. Rich in oil and protein.


Cauliflower (Raw)

Edible variety of cabbage. Large white head and green leaves.

Cauliflower (cooked)

The flower head of the cauliflower eaten as a vegetable.

Celery (Raw)

Vegetable used in salads/cooking.

Celery (cooked)

Vegetable used in salads/cooking.

Cheese

Cheese is a food derived from milk that is produced in a wide range of flavors, textures, and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein.

Roquefort

Camembert

Cotija

Chèvre

Feta

Mozzarella

Emmental

Cheddar

Gouda

Taleggio

Parmigiano-Reggiano

Manchego

Monterey Jack

Cherries (raw)

A small stone fruit, usually red in colour.

Cherries (cooked)

A small stone fruit, usually red in colour.

Chestnut

Edible, hard brown nut. Often roasted before eating.

Chicken

Most common type of poultry.

Chicken, capon

A domestic cock fattened for eating.

Chocolate

Made with the cocoa bean.

White Chocolate

Made with the cocoa bean.

Dark Chocolate

Made with the cocoa bean.

Cinnamon

Aromatic spice. Used in cooking/baking.

Clams

An edible mollusc.

Cocoa

The cocoa bean, also called cacao bean - used to make chocolate.

Cocoa

Cocoa powder made into a hot drink.

Coconut

Large seed with edible flesh. Used in cooking/ juices/ flavourings.

Cod

A large edible marine fish.

Coffee (black)

Black coffee may refer to: Coffee, served as a beverage without cream or milk, and often without sugar as well.

Coffee (with creamand sugar)

From the coffee bean. Hot drink with added cream and sugar.

Coffee (with sugar)

Hot drink with added sugar.

Coffee substitute made from barley

A coffee substitute. Usually made without caffeine.

Cola

A brown carbonated drink that is flavoured with an extract of cola nuts, or with a similar flavouring.

Cornflakes

A breakfast cereal made with toasted flakes of corn.

Cranberries

Very small, red coloured fruit



Crayfish

Freshwater crustacean resembling a small lobster.

Cream

Cream is a dairy product composed of the higher-butterfat layer skimmed from the top of milk.

Cress

Fast growing, edible herb.

Currants (red & black)

A small round edible fruit.

Dates

Sweet edible fruit, from various palm trees.

Duck

A water bird, known for its short legs and webbed feet.

Eel

Edible slender fish.

Egg

The whole egg - including white and yolk.

Egg white

The clear, viscous substance surrounding the egg yolk. Turns white when cooked.

Egg yolk

The yellow part of an egg.

Fig

Fresh or dried - soft, sweet dark fruit.

Fish (general)

A fish is any member of a group of animals that consist of all gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.

Fish (general, fresh water)

Fish that live in fresh water.

Fish (general, salt water)

Saltwater fish are fish that spend some or all of their lives in salt water such as oceans or salt lakes.

Garlic (raw)

Pungent bulb, used in cooking and medicines.

Garlic (cooked)

Pungent bulb, used in cooking and medicines.

Ginger

Hot, fragrant spice. Used as a flavouring mainly but can be found chopped, powdered, preserved or candied.

Goat

A domesticated animal. The flesh of this animal can be eaten.

Gluten

Gluten. Present in wheat and rye.

Grains

Goose

A species of duck. The meat of the bird is widely eaten.

Gooseberries (raw)

Small and firm but sometimes ribbed and translucent, gooseberries are a unique little plant-based food growing on relatively small, thorny bushes.

Gooseberries (cooked)

Small and firm but sometimes ribbed and translucent, gooseberries are a unique little plant-based food growing on relatively small, thorny bushes.

 

 

Gooseberries (Chinese)

Also known as kiwi fruit.

Grapefruit (Pink)

Large, round citrus fruit with edible flesh.

Grapefruit (Yellow)

Large, round citrus fruit with edible flesh.

Grapes (red)

This includes items made with grapes - i.e. wine.

Grapes (white)

This includes items made with grapes - i.e. wine.


Peanuts

Very commonly eaten nut. Eaten raw, also used in cooking.

Halibut

Northern marine fish, eaten worldwide.

Hare

Also known as jackrabbits. A larger animal within the rabbit family.

Hazelnuts

Small, brown edible nut from the hazel tree.

Lettuce

Cultivated plant eaten in salads mostly. This includes all varieties of lettuce.

Herring

Small, silvery fish. Widely eaten.

Herring (red)

A dried smoked herring, which is turned red by the smoke.



Herbs

Bee Balm – Also known as bergamont, can be used in tea or to garnish dishes.

Chamomile Chervil

Chicory

Cilantro Cilantro Delfino

Creeping thyme

Dill

English lavender French lavender

Italian Parsley

Lemon balm

Lemon basil

Lemon verbena
Lime thyme

        Marjoram –Oregano

        Pineapple sage –

        Red leaf basil –
        Society garlic

        Spanish lavender

        Spearmint

        Sweet green basil

        Tarragon – If you are growing tomatoes, plant tarragon underneath your tomatoes.

Thai basil

Thyme

Variegated sage

White sage

 

 

Honeydew melon

Popular variety of melon with yellow skin and edible, white flesh.

Horse

Flesh from a horse.

Horse radish

Root vegetable used as a spice, most commonly used as a sauce.

Karaya gum(E 416)

Thickening agent, stabiliser and emulsifier.

Kiwis

Edible fruit with hairy skin and green flesh.

Lamb

Flesh of a young sheep.

Leek

Edible plant, eaten as a vegetable.

Lemons

Yellow citrus fruit with fragrant acidic juice. Edible flesh.

Lentils

High protein pulse.

Lamb's liver

The liver of the animal. Widely eaten.

Ox liver

The liver of the animal. Widely eaten.



Pig's liver

The liver of the animal - often eaten

Lobster

Large crustacean, flesh eaten cooked.

Mackerel

Frequently eaten fish. Greenish-blue in colour.

Maize

This is corn. It is used in products such as; corn flakes, polenta, tortillas.

Maize flour

Maize flour is the entire corn kernel milled into flour.

Milk

Milk is a pale liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.

Milk lactose

This indicates intolerance to lactose found within dairy milk.

Cow's milk

Milk obtained from dairy cows.

Goat's milk

Milk from the animal.

Sheep's milk

Milk from the Sheep.

Millet

Cereal mostly used to make flour.

Mushrooms

A fungi frequently used in cooking.

 

 

Common Mussel

A shellfish also known as the 'blue mussel'.

Mussels, general

Mussel is the common name used for members of several families of bivalve molluscs, from saltwater and freshwater habitats.

Mustard

Hot tasting yellow paste. Eaten and used in cooking.

Mustard (green)

Dark leafy green vegetable.

Mutton

Flesh of a full-grown sheep.

Noodles

Made from unleavened dough which is stretched, extruded, or rolled flat. This item is referring to amen type noodles (found in ready to go noodles - Pot noodles, supernoodles).

Nutmeg

A very common spice, related to mace.

Okra

A vegetable also known as lady’s fingers. Part of the mallow family.

Olives (black)

Small, edible fruit. Used for oils and in cooking.

Olives (green)

Small, edible fruit. Used for oils and in cooking.

Onion (Raw)

Pungent vegetable, can be eaten raw. Very commonly used in cooking.



Onions (Cooked)

Pungent vegetable, can be eaten raw. Very commonly used in cooking.

Oranges

A citrus fruit. Round with orange skin and edible flesh.

Ovaltine

A brand of milk flavouring product made with malt extract.

Oyster

Edible mollusc with rough, hard shell.

Oats (Avena sativa)

The common oat - a cultivated cereal grain, also known as general oats.

Plantain (Plantago major)

Common plant. Known for its broad, shell shaped leaf.

Plantain (Plantago major)

Common plant. Known for its broad, shell shaped leaf.

Papaya

Tropical fruit with edible orange flesh.

Paprika

Red powdered spice used in cooking.

Parsley

Plant used as a cooking herb or garnish for food.

Peaches (raw)

Round stone fruit with juicy flesh.

Peaches (cooked)

Round stone fruit with juicy flesh - this is the fruit cooked.

Pears

A sweet fruit.

Peas

Small, round and green seed. Eaten as a vegetable.

Peas (field)

Slightly larger than garden peas - grown in pod.

Pecan nuts

Edible, smooth brown nut from the pecan tree.

Pepper (black)

Dried fruit from the pepper vine family of Piperaceae. Used whole as peppercorns or ground and used in cooking for spice / flavour.

Pepper (green)

The pepper - green in colour. Often used to flavour cooking.

Pepper (red)

The pepper - red in colour - often used to flavour cooking.

White pepper

Spice made from white peppercorns.

Pineapples

Large, juicy fruit with hard skin and edible yellow flesh.

Plaice

Large, flat fish. Widely eaten.



Plums

Oval, fleshy stone fruit. Small and often red or purple in colour.



Plums, damsons

Dark blue skin, with a sour taste. In the plum family.

Pomegranates

A medium size fruit that contains many small red seeds that can be eaten.

Pork

Flesh of a pig.

Oats (porridge)

Also known as Oatmeal in the United States. Commonly eaten for breakfast.

Potatoes

Starchy plant. Very common food.

Prunes (raw)

A prune is a dried plum.

Prunes (cooked)

A prune is a dried plum.

Quince

Similar to the pear in appearance, usually golden-yellow when mature.

Rabbit

Small plant eating animal.

Radish

Pungent tasting root. Often eaten raw in salads.

 

Raisins (raw)

A partially dried grape.

Raisins (cooked)

A partially dried grape.



Raspberries (raw)

An edible soft fruit related to the blackberry, consisting of a cluster of reddish-pink drupelets.

Raspberries (cooked)

An edible soft fruit related to the blackberry, consisting of a cluster of reddish-pink drupelets.

Rice

Small white or brown grains.

Rice

Small white or brown grains.

Roe-deer

Also as a roe-buck.

Rum

Rum is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from sugarcane byproducts by a process of fermentation and distillation.

Rye

A grass grown extensively as a grain.

Shrubs

Spelt

A type of wheat, also known as dinkel wheat.

Sage

Aromatic herb used in cooking.

Salmon (freshwater)

Large, usually pink fish. Very popular food.

Salmon

Large, usually pink fish. Very popular food.



Salt

A mineral commonly used for flavour.

Sardine

Young pilchard, widely eaten.

Runner beans

Bean with long, flat and edible pods.

Sesame seed

Oil rich seeds from the sesame plant.

Shellfish

Some crustaceans commonly eaten are shrimp, lobsters, crayfish, and crabs.

Shrimp

Small crustacean, often eaten.

Shrimps

A small free-swimming crustacean with an elongated body, typically marine and frequently of commercial importance as food.

Smoked herring, bloater

Whole fish cold-smoked.

Sole

Edible flat fish.

Soya

Includes all products made with the soya bean.

Spelt

A type of wheat, also known as dinkel wheat.

Spinach

Edible, dark green vegetable. Often used in cooking.

 

 

Strawberries (Raw)

Edible, sweet fruit. Red with seed studded skin.

Strawberries (Cooked)

Edible, sweet fruit. Red with seed studded skin.

Swede

Large, yellow fleshed root vegetable.

Swede

Large, yellow fleshed root vegetable.

Tea (black only)

This is normal 'Tetley' type tea and it does include tea with milk in.

Tea (green)

Green tea is a type of tea that is made from Camellia sinensis leaves that have not undergone the same withering and oxidation process used to make oolong and black tea.

Tea (with milk and sugar)

This is a standard tea such as 'Tetley' - this has been tested with milk and sugar already in the drink.

Tomato (raw)

Red fruit. Eaten as a vegetable in salads and used in cooking.

Tomatoes (cooked)

Red fruit. Eaten as a vegetable in salads and used in cooking.

Trout (brown)

Freshwater fish, often eaten.

Trout (sea)

A type of trout fish.

Turkey

Flesh from the bird.

Turkey, hen

Flesh from the bird.

Turnip

A root vegetable, purple and white in colour.

Veal

Flesh of a young calf.

Venison

Meat from a deer.

Vinegar (clear)

Most common in American household.

Vinegar (malt)

Brown liquid often used for seasoning / adding flavour to food.

Walnuts

Edible seed eaten raw or used in cooking / baking.

Watermelon

Edible variety of melon with green skin and red flesh.

Watercress

A salad leaf.

Wheat

A cereal grain.

Whisky

A spirit distilled from malted grain, especially barley or rye.



Whitefish

Common name for several species of fish - including cod, haddock, hake and pollock.

Wine

Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from fermented grapes.

Winkles

Small edible sea snail.

Wheat flour

Wheat flour is a powder made from the grinding of wheat.

Wheat (Triticumaestivum)

A cereal grain.

Yeast

Type of fungus used in making alcohol and baking.